ERASMUS + Exchange Programme
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24 April 2019, Wednesday 

Erasmus + Programme

Erasmus+ is the EU Program in the fields of education, training, youth and sport for the period 2014-2020. Education, training, youth and sport can make a major contribution to help tackle socio-economic changes, the key challenges that Europe will be facing until the end of the decade and to support the implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy for growth, jobs, social equity and inclusion.

Too many young people  leave  school prematurely running a high risk of being unemployed and socially marginalized. Fighting rising levels of unemployment - particularly among young people - has become one of the most urgent- tasks for European governments. The same risk threatens many adults with low skills. Technologies are changing the way in which society operates, and there is a need to ensure the best use is made of them. EU businesses need to become more competitive through talent and innovation. Well-performing education and training systems and youth policies can help to tackle these challenges by providing people with the skills required by the labor market and the economy, while allowing them to play an active role in society and achieve personal fulfillment. Reforms in education, training and youth can strengthen progress towards these goals, on the basis of a shared vision between policy makers and stakeholders, sound evidence and cooperation across different fields and levels.

Another challenge relates to the development of social capital among young people, the empowerment of young people and their ability to participate actively in society, in line with the provisions of the Lisbon Treaty to "encourage the participation of young people in democratic life in Europe". This issue can also be targeted through non-formal learning activities, which aim at enhancing the skills and competences of young people as well as their active citizenship. Moreover, there is a need to provide youth organizations and youth workers with training and cooperation opportunities, to develop their professionalism and the European dimension of youth work.

The Erasmus+ Program is designed to support Program Countries' efforts to efficiently use the potential of Europe’s human talent and social capital, while confirming the principle of lifelong learning by linking support to formal, non-formal and informal learning throughout the education, training and youth fields. The Program also enhances the opportunities for cooperation and mobility with Partner Countries, notably in the fields of higher education and youth.

In accordance with one of the new elements introduced in the Lisbon Treaty, Erasmus+ also supports activities aiming at developing the European dimension in sport, by promoting cooperation between bodies responsible for sports. The Program promotes the creation and development of European networks, providing opportunities for cooperation among stakeholders and the exchange and transfer of knowledge and know-how in different areas relating to sport and physical activity. This reinforced cooperation will notably have positive effects in developing the potential of Europe’s human capital by helping reduce the social and economic costs of physical inactivity.

Overall the Program supports actions, cooperation and tools consistent with the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy and its flagship initiatives, such as Youth on the Move and the Agenda for new skills and jobs. The Program also contributes to achieve - through the Open Methods of Coordination - the objectives of the Education and Training Strategic Framework and of the European Youth Strategy.

This investment in knowledge, skills and competences will benefit individuals, institutions, organizations and society as a whole by contributing to growth and ensuring prosperity and social inclusion in Europe and beyond.


The EU grant provided to students will depend on their mobility flow, as follows:

  • mobility towards a country with similar living costs: students will receive the medium range EU grant;
  • mobility towards a country with higher living costs: students will receive the higher range EU grant;
  • mobility towards a country with lower living costs: students will receive the lower range  

Program countries are divided into the following groups:

Group 1 Programme Countries with higher living costs

Denmark, Ireland, France, Italy, Austria, Finland, Sweden, United Kingdom, Liechtenstein, Norway

Group 2 Programme Countries with medium living costs

Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Iceland, Turkey

Group 3 Programme Countries with lower living costs

Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

The amounts defined by Denmark, Ireland, France, Italy, Austria, Finland, Sweden, United Kingdom, Liechtenstein, NorwayAgencies will be set within the following minimum and maximum ranges:

  • Medium range EU grant: a medium range, between 200 and 450 EUR per month, will apply to mobility activities towards a country of similar living costs: a) from Group 1 to Group 1, b) from Group 2 to Group 2 and c) from Group 3 to Group 3.
  • Higher range EU grant: corresponds to the medium range applied by the National Agency plus at least 50 EUR and between 250 and 500 EUR per month. It applies to mobility activities towards a country of higher living costs: a) from Group 2 to Group 1 countries and b) from Group 3 to Group 1 and 2 countries.
  • Lower range EU grant: corresponds to the medium range applied by the National Agency minus at least 50 EUR and between 150 and 400 EUR per month. It applies to mobility activities towards a country of lower living costs: a) Group 1 to Group 2 and 3 countries and b) from Group 2 to Group 3.

When defining the amounts to be applied by beneficiaries in their country, National Agencies will consider two specific criteria:

  • the availability and the level of other sources of co-financing from private or public bodies at local, regional or national level to complement the EU grant
  • the general level of demand of students who intend to study or receive training abroad.

National Agencies may decide to grant flexibility to their higher education institutions by fixing ranges instead of amounts at national level. This should be based on justified grounds, for example in countries where co-financing is available at regional or institutional level.

Part B – Mobility project for higher education students and staff


Students from disadvantaged backgrounds (other than those with special needs)

The national authorities together with the National Agencies responsible for the implementation of Erasmus+ in a given Programme Country may decide (based on an opt-in/opt-out option, depending on the support already provided at national level) that all the HEIs in their country should top up the individual support from their EU grant to students from disadvantaged backgrounds, with an amount of between 100 and 200 EUR per month. The precise level and the criteria to be applied would be defined at national level by the national authorities.

Students in traineeships

Students carrying out traineeships will receive an additional top-up from the EU grant with an amount between

100 and 200 EUR per month. The precise level will be determined by National Agencies and/or higher education institutions according to the level of demand and level of co-financing for this type of mobility. In all cases, the same level should be given to all students within the same higher education institution, independently from any top-up and/or contribution in kind that the student may receive from the host enterprise. The top-up for students with disadvantaged backgrounds would not apply in this case. In case of mobility of participants from Partner Countries, the first criterion for selecting students will be academic merit, but with equivalent academic level, preference should be assigned to students from less advantaged socio-economic backgrounds.

Students from outermost Programme Countries and regions

Considering the constraints imposed by the remoteness from other Programme Countries, students from outermost regions, Cyprus, Iceland, Malta and Overseas Countries and Territories will receive the following higher amounts for individual support:






Outermost regions, Cyprus, Iceland and Malta, Overseas Countries and Territories

Group 1 countries

750 EUR per month

Group 2 countries

700 EUR per month

Group 3 countries

650 EUR per month

In addition to the above-mentioned amounts for individual support, students from these countries will receive the following top-up amounts, to support them in covering their travel costs:


Travel distances29


Between 100 and 499 KM:

180 EUR per participant

Between 500 and 1999 KM:

275 EUR per participant

 Between 2000 and 2999 KM:

360 EUR per participant

 Between 3000 and 3999 KM:

530 EUR per participant

 Between 4000 and 7999 KM:

820 EUR per participant

                    8000 KM or more:

1100 EUR per participant

Top-ups for traineeships or disadvantaged backgrounds would not apply in this case.

Level of financial support defined by higher education institutions

In all cases, higher education institutions will be required to respect the following principles and criteria when defining and/or applying the EU rates within their institution:

The rates must be defined and/or applied in an objective and transparent manner, taking into account all the principles and the methodology described above (i.e. considering the mobility flow as well as the additional specific funding);

The same level of grant must be given to all students going to the same group of countries for the same type of mobility – studies or traineeships (except for students from disadvantaged backgrounds or with  special needs 


The following countries can fully take part in all the Actions of the Erasmus+ Program:

  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus (the Greek part)
  • Denmark
  • Germany
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Greece
  • United Kingdom
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • The Netherlands
  • Austria
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovenia
  • Slovakia
  • Spain
  • Czech Republic
  • Sweden

  Non EU Program Countries


Former Republic of Macedonia






WesternBalkans(Region 1)

Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo&Montenegro,Serbia


EasternPartnershipcountries(Region 2)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia,Moldova, Territory of Ukraine as recognized by international law


South-Mediterraneancountries (Region 3)

Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia


RussianFederation(Region 4)

Territory of Russia as recognized by international law


    The Partner Countries below are regrouped according to the financial instruments of the EU external action.


    Region 5


    Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, Vatican City State, Switzerland


    (Region 610) 



    Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, DPR Korea, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam


    (Region 711)

    Central Asia


    Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan


    (Region 812)

    Latin America


    Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala- la, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela


    Region 913


    Iran, Iraq, Yemen


    Region 1014


    South Africa


    (Region 1115)



    Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Cape Verde, Comoros, Bahamas, Barbados, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Congo (Kinshasa), Cook Islands, Côte d'Ivoire,Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Republic of  Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, East Timor, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


    (Region 1216)

    Industrialised: Gulf Cooperation

    Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.




    (Region 1317)

    Other Industrialised countries

    Australia, Brunei, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, (Republic of) Korea, Macao, New Zealand, Singapore, Taiwan, United States of America.


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